Surakarta Indonesia History

For many years Surakarta was only a small city, but now it has become one of the highlights of Indonesia. After so much of Central Java was ruled by the powerful kingdom of Mataram more than a century ago, Solo has grown into a well-rounded modern city that has managed to preserve much of its Javanese heritage.

The inner islands of Java, Madura and Bali form the geographical population centre of the archipelago. They are surrounded by straits where the islands share borders with the rest of Indonesia and other countries in the region. The cultures on the inner island are more homogeneous, but the cultures of other islands such as Sumatra, Sulawesi, Borneo, Sumatran and Sulaymania are ethnically mixed to varying degrees.

Other prominent Muslims are the first Indonesians to become Muslims, such as the founder of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS) and Muhammad ibn al-Qasim.

The Sultanate of Mataram was an island colonised by the Dutch, and the era of Dutch rule is recognised as one of the most important periods in Indonesia's history, both in terms of cultural and economic development.

Indonesian parts of New Guinea, known as Papua and Irian Jaya, and the largest island in the Pacific. The former is dominated by the Austronesians, the latter are to be found on the islands of Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi, Papua, Sumatran and Bali as well as in the western part of the island of Java. Australasian, which stretches from Malaysia to the Philippines, while Polynesia includes the peoples of Hawaii, Maori and New Zealand.

Therefore, attention is paid first to the influences that shape the scene and to the history of the Indonesian people and its place in history.

The turbulent 17th and 18th centuries were then analysed as a largely inconclusive struggle against the Indonesian state's dominance of the Dutch. In the 19th century, the archipelago was gradually overrun by Dutch colonial rule, and in the 20th century new questions were raised that are common to most Indonesians today. Indonesian society's desire to free itself from Dutch colonialism and resolve its own tensions and contradictions, long held in limbo by colonial rule, manifested itself in the five years of the Indonesian Revolution.

Indonesians had inherited a law - based on a state - from the Dutch, but implementation was problematic. The Dutch established a social, economic and legal stratification system that separated the Indonesian natives from the non-natives and protected them because their land could not be lost to outsiders. In the first decades of independence, ideology triumphed over law, and the ideology of the state over law.

Joko Widodo, as Jokowi's popular name has it, was the only mayor in Indonesia who was able to bring about major positive change by applying the new system in Solo. He was not only the best mayor in Indonesia, but also the most successful in the history of the country's political and economic development.

This is part of the Southeast Asia 2018 program organized by Sounding the State of Indonesian Music. Asia has published a number of articles on the study of Indonesia's music history and its role in the country's economic and political development, including an article on Jokowi's role as the first mayor of Solo and a report on the development of Indonesia's music industry.

Indonesian independence, literature is no longer published in Indonesian, most of it in Javanese, because most elderly villagers do not have sufficient knowledge of Indonesian.

The urban architecture that developed in the 1920s and 1930s, as seen in many buildings in Javanese cities such as Jakarta, Surabaya and Sumatra, reflects this. Palaces and architecture are combined to varying degrees depending on the local situation, for example in Tangerang.

After the Indonesian National Revolution, Surakarta's Sunanate Mangkunegaran (Principality) sent a letter of confidence to Sukarno, in which he demonstrated his confidence in the leadership of the founding father. Solo's story is therefore remembered as one of the most important political and cultural events of his time in Indonesia.

On 17 August 1945 Indonesia became independent of the Netherlands and has remained so to this day, and its government has extended its authority to Indonesia today. Although West Papua remained under Dutch rule until 1962, it waged a successful campaign to secure its independence as an independent state.

More About Surakarta

More About Surakarta